Project lists

Integrated Forest Ecosystem Management Planning and Demonstration Project in Greater Mekong Sub-region (Cambodia)
25 Feb 2020     

Integrated Forest Ecosystem Management Planning and Demonstration Project in Greater Mekong Sub-region (Cambodia)

Project title:    Integrated Forest Ecosystem Management Planning and Demonstration Project in Greater Mekong Sub-region (Cambodia)  [project ID:  2017P2-CAM ]

Supervisory agency:  Forestry Administration

Executing agency:   The Institute of Forest and Wildlife Research and Development

Budget in USD (total / APFNet grant): 1,792,663.60 /1,515,465.60 

Kick-off date & duration: June 2017, 06/2017-06/2021

Target economy: Cambodia

Site Location: Siem Reap and Takeo province, and Damrey Chak Thlork Community Forestry in Kampong Speu province

Contacts:

Institute of Forest and Wildlife Research : Dr. Sokh Heng ( sokhhengpiny@yahoo.com )

APFNet: Pak Sngoun Pisey ( ppisey@apfnet.cn); Sun Weina (sunweina@apfnet.cn )

 

 

Introduction

To fully manage their forest in a sustainable way and to secure their land tenure, while also improving the livelihoods of the people, each CF needs to produce their own community forest management plan. These plans can be used to guide to forest management in the area. But, with their traditional technique of planting trees, their forest stands failed to improve; as a result, in 2017 APFNet and FA implemented new project called “Integrated Forest Ecosystem Management Planning and Demonstration Project in Greater Mekong Sub-region ”, which aims to rehabilitate ecological services and improve forest product provision through the improvement of community forest management and through strengthening state-owned forest conservation, so as to contribute to sustainable forest management in the Greater Mekong Subregion. The project helps the Damrey Chakthlork Community Forest (CF) in Dokpor village, Krangdeivay Commune, Phnum Srouch District, Kampong Speu province demonstrate the improvement of CF management through the development of restoration techniques and demonstration of integrated management models.

 

Forest Restoration models in Community forestry 

To improve sustainable forest management for the CF, a comprehensive management plan will be developed and implemented in all forest areas (1,452ha). This plan will combine modern techniques and traditional practices, provide an analysis of forest conditions and recommend specific actions to further improve future management. Moreover, it will be a show case for the restoration of different types of degraded forest to serve different purposes. This differs from the previous APFNet project “Multi-function forest restoration and management of degraded forest areas” as it doesn’t focus on achieving a multi-functional forest in general, but conducts restoration according to different specific needs and based on different stages of degradation. In the new project a trial of 16 hectares for 3 restoration models and 1 silvicultural treatment will be developed:

(1) Restoration of a deforested (open) area: this area is divided into 4 blocks (1ha each) and is intended to be grown into a high value timber plantation using tree species such as Pterocarpus macrocarpus, Dalbergia cochinchinensis, Dalbergia oliveri, and Tectona grandis using a total of 6,000 seedlings.

         (2) Restoration of a severely degraded forest: this area is intended for a firewood plantation using a single species, Cassia siamea. Dominant trees with straight trunks in the top forest layer will remain, while small trees, shrubs and weeds under remnant trees are cleared out.

         (3) Restoration of moderately degraded forest: vigorous high-value trees with straight trunks will remain while non-commercial or damaged trees that cannot be used for construction and are not useful for local people will be cleared out. This model incorporates multistory management using a crop like pepper and other rosewood tree species such as Pterocarpus macrocarpus and Dalbergia cochinchinensis.

         (4) Silvicultural treatment of dense forests:this model is applied through tending, thinning and enrichment planting using timber species such as Pterocarpus macrocarpus, Dalbergia cochinchinensis, and Diptercarpus species to speed up forest succession.

 

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Figure 1: Restoration activities in the open area and in a moderately degraded forest

 

Value-added traditional practices (sustainable agriculture and agroforestry) for local livelihoods

In addition to a forest management plan and restoration models to improve forest ecosystems, providing more livelihood options to local communities is a great way to mitigate their dependence on the forest. Agroforestry farming systems and home gardens are selected as suitable ways to improve local livelihoods since farmers already practice farming and many have home gardens, the main challenge is  using the right techniques. Current ones prevent farmers from using the land to its full potential as on any given piece of land farmers only plant one type of crop or one tree species.

The project will involve farmers who are interested and have land available to use sustainable agriculture and agroforestry according to international best management practices. A portion of the farms will be used for multistory cropping using vegetables and other cash crops; and the home garden is set up in open areas and degraded secondary forests in the yards of farmers’ household using cash crops and vegetables. The cash trees, i.e. macadamia nut and Ziziphus mauritiana Lamk (Taiwan green jujube) will be imported from China and introduced to the farmers. These practices will provide immediate and long-term income for the farmers. 

 

Strengthening state-owned forest conservation by establishing forest fire monitoring systems

State-owned forests account for large share of Cambodian forests. These forests, however, are facing many problems including forest fires, illegal logging and hunting, land encroachment, grazing, and pests and diseases. Precisely because it covers a large area a high number of people is traditionally needed to effectively monitor it. This, however, due to a lack of funds and human resources, is hardly possible. Thus cutting edge technologies need to be put in place in order to fully monitor it, but Cambodia is still lacking the financial capacity to do so. Furthermore it still has to catch up with the modern technology currently used in forest management.

 

Khun Ream Forest Research Station in Siam Reap province and Tamao Zoo Forest in Takeo province, a total of 4,368 hectars of state-owned forests are facing such problems and have been chosen to as demonstration sites for these new, modern technologies.

 

Two sets of the “Forest Fire Monitoring and Prevention System” (short: forest watcher) have been installed in the area. The system itself is a reliable high-tech platform that uses cameras and infrared technology to monitor and detect forest fires. It can be left unattended, and does continuous monitoring and surveillance of the surroundings in real-time. It covers a radius of 15km within 30 minutes and has a target positioning accuracy of 100 meters;  furthermore due to its comparatively frequent “patrolling”, fast image recognition, positioning accuracy, all-weather monitoring and real-time data transmission, these two state-owned forests are expected to be protected in the foreseeable future.

 

Evidently, 4 months after the installation of the forest watcher system, in Tamao Zoo one case of forest fire was successfully detected and extinguished, preventing its spread to a wider area. It thus prevented larger induced damages, since the forest watcher detected the smoke soon after fire ignition and provided clear and accurate information regarding the location of the fire herd, so the fire officials in the area were able to take action much faster than before.

 

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Figure 2: Inauguration ceremony of forest watcher system in Tamao zoo 

 

 

Project Objectives:

- To develop a model for community forest management by strengthening CF management and testing appropriate restoration and silviculture technology;

To mitigate the dependence of community to forests by improving household farming systems;

To enhance forest protection through adopting advanced forest monitoring system (Forest Watcher);

To extend achievements and related techniques in Cambodia and GMS by demonstration and experiences sharing.

Expected outputs:

- Community Forestry Management Plan formulated;

Community Forestry boundary demarcated and patrolled;

A FA Triage nursery improved;

Restoration and silviculture models established;

Village water supply system established;

Agroforestry and homegarden farming systems established;

Forest watcher system and auxiliary facilities installed and maintained;

An integrated forest management technology assembled and a technical handbook formulated;

Experience and technology demonstrated and disseminated;

 

 

 

 

PROJECT SITE MAP

   

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Project Proposal-Cambodia GMS.pdf

 

Cambodia's brochure.pdf